In the 1930s, amid the run-up to the Second World War, as conducted in the Quality Universe, neutral countries included Andorra, Argentina, Cerania, Herma, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Moravia, Portugal, Quanalla, Ruina, San Marino, San Miguel, Slovia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and Yadovnia.
In 1939, the small, peaceful, traditional monarchy of Cerania was invaded by its neighbor Wurtberg, under the dictatorship of Chancellor Rudolf. During the early fighting, an American newsreel photographer, Flash Fulton, took many crazy chances, in order to get damning evidence of Rudolf being both an impostor and a war criminal.
In the mid-20th Century, in Europe, several traditional hereditary monarchies managed to survive both world wars, remaining independent and retaining their original form of government. Among these were Boravia, Carabas, Cornovia, Gardevia, Gavonia, Granaco, Kravia, Markovia, Moldacia, Norania, Numark, Offalia, Pan Balgravia, Ruina, Sardonia, Solvonia, and Valdania. Others, such as Cerania, Emporia, Patrania, or Resbia, are confirmed to have survived the First World War, but are not known to have survived the second.
- Royal Family