In the 1920s and 1930s, in the Quality Universe, the post-World War I hellscape of Europe spawned a significant number of Central European dictatorships, including: Aryania, Barbaria, Bothnia, Darmania, Dunland, Govania, Jarmania, Kampfland, Latavia, Nordicha, North Germany, Tuvania, Wurtberg, and others. When the Second World War began in earnest, all of these countries were not only admitted to the Axis Powers, but politically annexed and absorbed into Hitler's Nazi Germany. After WWII, none of these nations existed again.
In 1940, in Radolf's concentration camp at Rachaw, Dunland, there was a disturbance, in which a number of Dunlandian intellectuals, scholars, and other political prisoners were set free. An American unknown super-hero was the cause of the disturbance, and matters quickly escalated into a coup d'etat, in which the Dictator Radolf was forcibly retired and exiled.