Haiti, officially the Republic of Haiti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island, which it shares with the Dominican Republic.
Haiti was colonized by Spain in the 15th century after Christopher Columbus discovered Hispaniola in 1492. Until the 17th century, Haiti was ceded to France. African slaves were brought to Haiti to work on the sugarcane plantation established there by colonists. During the midst of the French Revolution, slaves and free people of colour successfully revolted against French rule in the Haitian Revolution, and Haiti became the first independent black republic. However, in the next two centuries Haiti experienced great political and economic instability that remains to the present day.