In the 1930s, amid the run-up to the Second World War, as conducted in the Quality Universe, neutral countries included Andorra, Argentina, Cerania, Herma, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Moravia, Portugal, Quanalla, Ruina, San Marino, San Miguel, Slovia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and Yadovnia.
In 1941, the Hermese Embassy in Washington, D.C. was destroyed, and the Hermese Ambassador died, in a fire of unknown origin, leading to international tensions which brought Herma to the brink of war with the U.S. An American counter-espionage agent, Don Borden, and his secret ally, the Phantom Lady, investigated this incident, and learned that it was a ruse, set up by Kiolandese espionage agents. The Hermese Ambassador, Kivoya, was secretly alive, but held hostage in the Kioland Embassy, in order to coerce Herma's government into declaring war against the U.S. This in turn would allow Kioland to step in and "protect" Herma. The Phantom Lady was able to rescue the Ambassador; the Hermese government accepted Kivoya's explanation of the incident, and war was averted.
Kivoya, Ambassador to U.S.