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The Justice Society of America were a group of superheroes originally active around World War II until they were erased from the timeline, though they were later restored to their proper place.


Altered Timeline

Alan Scott, a Green Lantern, had played a major role in the JSA's formation. Dr. Manhattan however interfered with their timeline and caused him to die during a train accident by moving the Green Lantern, that had saved his life originally, away from his reach. This caused the JSA to never exist in the first place.[1]

Their past existence was first leaked to Lois Lane secretly by Reggie Long. She however had never heard of them, a result of Dr Manhattan's meddling with the timeline.[2] Superman's words and actions however inspired Manhattan's view on humanity to change and make him realize the importance of being a hero. He went back into time and moved the Green Lantern back into Scott's reach, causing him to survive and the JSA to exist again.[3] They came to the rescue of Superman in Washington, D.C. alongside the Legion of Super-Heroes, helping him stop the metahuman battle.[3]

After the battle, they vowed to investigate the "Supermen theory", which alleged that the government was secretly creating metahumans to act as agents, and the role of Department of Metahuman Affairs in it. It was discovered that Professor Martin Stein was responsible for creating dozens of metahumans, leading to his arrest. Superman later organized a dialogue between the JSA and People's Heroes, who had been involved in the battle at Washington, D.C.[3]

Manhattan's attempt at fixing the timeline and reality failed however, as they merely re-adjusted into a new version.[4][5]

Restored Timeline

In the restored timeline that formed following the cataclysmic conflict with Perpetua, the creation of the Justice Society was initially spurred on following the arrival of Wonder Woman in Man's World. In saving sitting president Franklin Deleanor Roosevelt's life at the 1939 World's Fair, she inspired others to come forward and use their powers for good, including Alan Scott, who would become known as the Green Lantern.[6]

After forming, the Justice Society was prevented from actively involving themselves in the frontline battles of the Second World War by two factors; one, the presence of the Nazi metahuman agent Parsifal, who could nullify the powers of any superhuman he came into contact with, and two, the fact that the Nazi forces had recovered the Spear of Destiny, an artifact which allowed the wielder (in this case, Adolf Hitler) to dominate the minds of anybody nearby. After Jay Garrick and The Ray encountered both of these factors on a covert mission and were subsequently captured, it was deemed too dangerous to allow American superhumans to fight on the frontlines.[7]

Later, after the war, McCarthyist congressional representatives pressured the JSA into retiring during the Red Scare. However, their actions would inspire later successors; first, the Justice Experience, and later, the Justice League. Many of their own children or legacies would go on to form Infinity, Inc..[8]

Over the years, many of the original members grew old or died, the latter being buried in the top-secret Valhalla Cemetery. Others would remain youthful through various means, such as Alan Scott, who was kept young by the power of the Starheart.

Justice/Doom War

When John Stewart and Barry Allen traveled to the past in 1941 and arrived at their headquarters while searching for a fragment The Totality. There, they met the JSA but learnt that Legion of Doom had already won here two weeks ago.[9] Having never heard of each other, Jay Garrick and Barry asked each other to explain who they are in hostile tones. John calmed the tempers and stated that they needed their help. Doctor Fate learnt that they're not there to harm them and the two Leaguers explained their mission about recovering the Totality shard which fell out of the sky.[10]

The JSA came to the realization that their existence must have been erased if the the two hadn't heard of them, with all of the team members then introducing themselves. Theodore Knight realized that they were after the shard in his Cosmic Rod which he had given to the United States military, later being taken to a military base in the Pacific Ocean. The two teams agreed to join forces in order to retrieve it, but Barry and John found out that the base was Pearl Harbor and they had arrived during the day Japanese forces were supposed to attack it.[10]

As they assaulted the base, they came under attack by military-men under control of Sinestro and Grodd, but were able to free many of the men. Dr. Fate discovered that the shard was being kept at a classified advanced aircraft carrier code-named Hail Mary. As they went after the ship, they came under attack by the soldiers under control of Grodd. Grodd, Sinestro and Cheetah however found the Totality at the same time as them, but they were rescued by Aquaman who stated that they needed to get to Atlantis to get the Totality back to their time.[11]

While traveling, Aquaman explained to them that Atlantis was hidden from the rest of the world during their time and they needed to find the Conch of Arion there in order to be able to travel back to the present. They tried to sneak in, but were spotted by Atlantean guards. The Legion of Doom confronted them with the god Poseidon who was under their thrall. The JSA and the League also realized that Atlantis was now under the control of Vandal Savage of the past and his Legionnaires Club who demanded they hand over the Totality.[12]

After Poseidon started destroying Atlantis, they asked Savage to ally with them but he refused, John however convinced him to side with them stating that the fate of universe depended on it. The JSA then fought the Legion of Doom and Poseidon while Vandal opened a portal to the League's timeline with the help of Theodore Knight and William Payton. All of the JSA traveled to the the timeline of the League and decided to help the League in fighting back against the forces of Perpetua after she regained part of her former powers.[13] They fought Perpetua's forces, but with the people siding with Doom over Justice, she regained her powers and vanished them back to their time.[14]

Death Metal

The Justice Society was restored to the timeline after Wally West, having gained the powers of Dr. Manhattan and acquiring the Mobius Chair, attempted to fix time by merging the various timelines. His work was however corrupted by the Batman Who Laughs, who pointed Perpetua to the Dark Multiverse where she could acquire the Crisis Energies from the endless crises.[4][15]

The surviving Justice Society members including Alan Scott, Jay Garrick, Doctor Fate and Ted Grant went into hiding when Perpetua's forces conquered the multiverse and kept a watch on the cemetery. They allowed Batman to recruit their dead friends in order to fight the Dark Knights.[16]

The JSA reunited with Wonder Woman after she came to convince Batman in helping her take down Perpetua and stayed behind with Wally and Barry when they left.[16] They encountered the Robin King, who didn't fight and told them that the Batman Who Laughs was coming for them. They realized the evil Batman had grown greatly powerful and all the speedsters separated from the JSA, since he was after Wally in particular to get his Anti-Crisis Energy.[17]


See Also

Recommended Reading

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