The Secret Society of Super-Villains is a name that has been used by several groups in the DC Universe. The original was a team put together by Darkseid who would later take control of their own leadership and battle the Justice League. The second version was a team put together by the Ultra-Humanite to battle the Justice League.
During Villains United a new group calling themselves "The Society" was put together by Black Adam, Calculator, Deathstroke, Doctor Psycho, Lex Luthor, and Talia al Ghul.
The New 52 reboot introduced a new Secret Society created by the Outsider during Forever Evil.
The Secret Society of Super-Villains was created by Gerry Conway and Pablo Marcos, first appearing in Secret Society of Super-Villains #1. (1976)