The Spanish Civil War was an armed conflict between two broad factions in Spain: the left-wing Republicans, made up of anarchists, mainstream democrats, and socialists, all fighting for a democratic nation with broad autonomy for ethnic minority regions, and the Nationalists, composed of far-right royalists and fascist nationalists, led by Generalissimo Francisco Franco.

History

Fought from 1936 to 1939, the war was a microcosm of the democratic–fascist–Marxist conflicts that made up World War II and the Cold War, with major international powers such as the Soviet Union and United States giving aid, arms, and unofficial assistance to their preferred victor. The outcome was a Nationalist victory, with Spain remaining under fascist rule for 36 years before peacefully transitioning to democracy.

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