The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), or the Soviet Union, was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital.
The communist state was rooted in the October Revolution of 1917, when the Russian government was overthrown, and following a violent civil war between the communists and anti-communist forces. The Soviet Union was formed from the unification of the Russian, Transcaucasian, Ukrainian and Byelorussian republics on December 30, 1922. Following Lenin's death in 1924 and a brief power struggle, Josef Stalin came to power and ruled the Soviet state with a iron fist, persecuting rivals and anyone that posed a threat to Stalin's government, and lead to the deaths of hundreds of thousands.
The Soviet Union was one of the Allied powers during World War II and sustained the highest number of Allied war causalities throughout the entire conflict. After the war, the Soviet Union emerged as a superpower and became a rival of the United States during the Cold War. After Stalin died in 1953, the Soviet Union underwent De-Stalinization. The Soviet Union took an early lead in the Space Race, with the first artificial satellite and the first human spaceflight.
The Soviet Union dissolved on December 26, 1991 after the Communist Party steadily lost control of governing the state and the union republics seceded from the Union. The Russian Federation is recognized as the successor state of the Soviet Union.
On Earth-9, the Soviet Union nearly went to nuclear war against the United States when the Cuban Missile Crisis resulted in the annihilation of Cuba and Florida. Fortunately, the Atom intercepted and neutralized the nuclear missiles from their respective nations that were already airborne. Instead, the Soviet Union engaged in a conventional war against the United States and its allies. The conflict ended in a tense peace during the Czechoslovakian War of 1968, when American forces obtained the Red Tornado, a Soviet weapon of mass destruction, and used it to broker peace with the Soviets. Thereafter, the Soviet Union remained a superpower in global politics up through 1998.
- See also: Earth 30
On Earth-30, Superman's rocket landed in Soviet Ukraine where he is raised to become the socialist champion of the Soviet Union. Superman used his powers to benefit the Soviet Union and subsequently became the leader of the communist state, turning the USSR into a utopia and expanding its influence to almost every corner of Earth. However, this utopia came at the cost of increased infringement on individual liberties, and dissidents were lobotomized into obedient drones.
On Earth-31, the Cold War escalated over the South American country of Corto Maltese, which was the site of a Soviet-backed rebellion against the Corto Maltese government, which was backed by the United States. When Superman was sent by the American government to subdue the uprising, the Soviets launched a nuclear warhead at the U.S. Although Superman diverted the missile to an empty desert, the weapon served its purpose to disrupt all electronics and communications in the Western Hemisphere as well as throw millions of tons of dust and debris into the atmosphere.
In the world of Watchmen, the Soviet Union became more hostile towards the United States after the appearance of Doctor Manhattan had helped promote American adventurism unimpeded. The Cold War was kept from escalating into open conflict due to Doctor Manhattan maintaining an uneasy deterrence between the power blocs. When Doctor Manhattan left Earth in 1986, the deterrence ended, the Soviet Union immediately invaded Afghanistan and Earth was threatened into possible nuclear war. War was avoided when the Soviets and the United States were tricked into believing Adrian Veidt's manufactured plot that Earth was threatened by aliens, and the global powers sued for peace.
Points of Interest
The constituent republics of the USSR included the following countries:
- Pytor Orloff
- Boris Dhumov
- Red Shadows
- Mikhail Gorbachev
- Vladimir Lenin
- Red Star
- People's Heroes
- Blue Trinity
- Red Trinity
- Rocket Red Brigade
- Boris Razumihin
- Rosa Rubikskova
- Dana Rubikskova
- Matvei Rodor
- Appearances of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
- Location Gallery: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics